1. Russia

Land Area: 17.098.200 km²

The Russian Federation, also known as Russia, is a federal semi-presidential republic composed of 22 autonomous republics, 46 oblasts, 9 krais, 4 autonomous okrugs, 1 autonomous oblast, and 3 federal cities. It spans from 30°E to 180°E and from 50°N to 80°N, covering the northern part of the Eurasian continent. With a land area of 17.098.200 square kilometers, it is the largest country in the world. Russia is a unified multi-ethnic country composed of 194 ethnic groups, with Russians being the predominant ethnic group, accounting for about 77.7% of the total population.

Ranking of European Countries by Land Area

2. Ukraine

Land Area: 603.700 km²

The capital of Ukraine is Kyiv, located in Eastern Europe, along the north coast of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. It borders Belarus to the north, Russia to the northeast, Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary to the west, and Romania and Moldova to the south. Ukraine has a temperate continental climate, with its territory predominantly consisting of plains, hills, and plateaus. With a total area of 603.700 square kilometers, Ukraine is the second-largest country in Europe by land area. Ukraine is a developing country with a relatively high level of agricultural production, while its industrial development, especially in manufacturing, lags behind. Ukraine is the world's fifth-largest exporter of IT services and the largest software development, programming, and IT outsourcing services market in Central and Eastern Europe. In 2021. Ukraine's GDP was approximately $200 billion.

3. France

Land Area: 550.000 km²

The French Republic, commonly known as France, has its capital in Paris and is located in Western Europe. It borders Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Spain, and Andorra, and faces the United Kingdom across the English Channel. France has a maritime temperate climate in the west, a Mediterranean climate in the south, and a continental climate in the central and eastern regions. Its territory consists mainly of plains, hills, and plateaus. With a total area of 550.000 square kilometers (excluding overseas territories), France has a coastline of 2.700 kilometers and a land border of 2.800 kilometers. As of January 2022. France had a population of 65.63 million (excluding overseas territories).

4. Spain

Land Area: 506.000 km²

The Kingdom of Spain is located in the southwest of Europe on the Iberian Peninsula, at the crossroads of Europe and Africa. It is bordered by Portugal to the west, the Bay of Biscay to the north, France and Andorra to the northeast, and separated from Morocco by the Strait of Gibraltar to the south. Its territory also includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic, and the exclaves of Ceuta and Melilla in North Africa. Spain is a mountainous country with a total area of 505.925 square kilometers and a coastline of approximately 7.800 kilometers. It is the second-largest Spanish-speaking country in the world, after Mexico.

5. Sweden

Land Area: 449.964 km²

Sweden, located on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe, is one of the Nordic countries. Its capital is Stockholm. It borders Norway to the west, Finland to the northeast, and is bounded by the Skagerrak Strait and the Kattegat Strait to the southwest and south, respectively. Sweden faces Denmark, Germany, Poland, Russia, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia across the sea. With a coastline of 2.181 kilometers, Sweden has a total area of 449.964 square kilometers, making it the largest country in Scandinavia by land area. As of the end of 2020. Sweden had a population of 10.38 million.

6. Norway

Land Area: 385.000 km²

The Kingdom of Norway, also known simply as Norway, is one of the Nordic countries located in western Scandinavia. Its territory is long and narrow, with a long and winding coastline and many coastal islands, often referred to as the "land of a thousand islands". Norway shares borders with Sweden, Finland, and Russia, and also includes the archipelagos of Svalbard and Jan Mayen. Its capital is Oslo.

7. Germany

Land Area: 357.582 km²

The Federal Republic of Germany, commonly known as Germany, is a federal parliamentary republic located in Central Europe. It ranks first in innovation and shares borders with Denmark to the north, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, and France to the west, Switzerland and Austria to the south, and the Czech Republic and Poland to the east. Germany is composed of 16 federal states, with Berlin as its capital. It has a land area of 357.582 square kilometers and primarily experiences a temperate climate. With a population of approximately 82.93 million, it is the most populous country in the European Union, with ethnic Germans forming the majority.

8. Finland

Land Area: 338.000 km²

The Republic of Finland is located in Northern Europe, one of the Nordic countries. It shares borders with Sweden, Norway, and Russia, and is bordered to the south by the Gulf of Finland and to the west by the Gulf of Bothnia. The total land area is 338.000 square kilometers, with a coastline of 1.100 kilometers. Finland is known as the "Land of a Thousand Lakes," with approximately 187.888 lakes within its territory. Finland experiences long, cold winters and short, mild summers. Approximately one-third of its land lies within the Arctic Circle, making it the only non-Germanic country among the Nordic countries.

9. Poland

Land Area: 322.600 km²

The Republic of Poland is located in Central Europe, with its capital in Warsaw. It shares borders with Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and Lithuania and the Russian exclave of Kaliningrad Oblast to the northeast. Poland has a temperate climate transitioning from maritime to continental, with flat terrain covering most of its land area. It has a total area of 322.600 square kilometers and a coastline of 528 kilometers. As of March 2022. Poland had a population of 38.03 million.

10. Italy

Land Area: 301.333 km²

The Italian Republic, simply known as Italy, is a European country consisting primarily of the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, as well as the two largest islands in the Mediterranean Sea, Sicily and Sardinia. Italy shares land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia, and encompasses the microstates of San Marino and Vatican City.