1. Canada

Land Area: 9.980.000 km²

Canada, located in the northern part of North America, borders the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west, Alaska in the northwest, the contiguous United States to the south, and the Arctic Ocean to the north. The climate is predominantly subarctic and humid continental, with polar and tundra climates in the far north. The country's terrain slopes from west to east. It has a total area of 9.980.000 square kilometers, with a coastline stretching approximately 240.000 kilometers. As of June 2021. Canada's population was 38.13 million, with Ottawa as the capital.

2. United States

Land Area: 9.370.000 km²

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States, is a federal republic consisting of Washington, D.C., 50 states, and numerous overseas territories, including Guam. Its mainland is located in the central part of North America. According to the initial edition of the World Factbook by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) from 1989 to 1996. the total area of the United States is 9.373 million square kilometers, with a population of 333 million. English is the official language, and it is a nation of immigrants.

3. Mexico

Land Area: 1.964.375 km²

The United Mexican States, commonly known as Mexico, is a federal republic in North America. It shares borders with the United States to the north, and the Pacific Ocean to the south and west, as well as the Caribbean Sea to the southeast. It shares borders with Belize and Guatemala to the southeast. The Gulf of Mexico lies to the east. With an area of 1.964.375 square kilometers, it is the fifth largest country in the Americas and the fourteenth largest in the world by total area. With a population of 123 million (as of 2017), it ranks eleventh in the world in population and second in Latin America.

4. Nicaragua

Land Area: 130.400 km²

The Republic of Nicaragua, simply known as Nicaragua, is a presidential republic located in Central America. It borders Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south, with coastlines on both the Caribbean Sea to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Lake Nicaragua is the largest lake in Central America. The capital is Managua. The majority of the population is mestizo. The official language is Spanish, and the majority of the population is Roman Catholic.

5. Honduras

Land Area: 112.500 km²

The Republic of Honduras, simply known as Honduras, is a mountainous country in Central America. It shares borders with Guatemala, El Salvador, and Nicaragua. It is situated between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Honduras is characterized by its mountainous terrain and is suitable for coffee and banana cultivation, which are significant exports. In 1998. Hurricane Mitch devastated the country, causing nearly 6.000 deaths and destroying much of its infrastructure and farmland.

6. Cuba

Land Area: 109.884 km²

The Republic of Cuba, simply known as Cuba, is an island nation located in the northern Caribbean Sea. Havana is the economic, political, and cultural center and capital of Cuba. The island of Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean, part of the Greater Antilles. It is often referred to as the "Key to the Gulf" due to its strategic location. The island's shape resembles an alligator, earning it the nickname the "Green Alligator of the Caribbean Sea."

7. Guatemala

Land Area: 108.900 km²

The Republic of Guatemala, simply known as Guatemala, is a presidential republic located in the southern part of North America, Central America. It shares borders with Mexico to the north and west, Belize to the northeast, Honduras to the east, El Salvador to the southeast, and the Pacific Ocean to the southwest. Guatemala has a total area of 108.900 square kilometers.

8. Panama

Land Area: 75.500 km²

The Republic of Panama, simply known as Panama, is the southernmost country in Central America. It has a total area of 75.517 square kilometers, with Panama City as its capital. Due to Panama's historical and trade ties with the United States, it has used the US dollar as its official currency since 1907. alongside the Panamanian balboa, which is pegged to the dollar and used concurrently within the country, making it the first country outside the United States to use the US dollar as its legal tender.

9. Costa Rica

Land Area: 51.100 km²

The Republic of Costa Rica, simply known as Costa Rica, is a presidential republic located in Latin America. It shares borders with Nicaragua to the north and Panama to the south. Costa Rica's economy relies mainly on agriculture and the export of electronic components. It is one of the more developed countries in Central America, with a high standard of living and widespread land ownership. Tourism is a significant industry, and its cultural diversity stems from its position as a meeting point between Central and South America, earning it the nickname the "Switzerland of Central America."

10. Dominican Republic

Land Area: 48.734 km²

The Dominican Republic, simply known as the Dominican Republic, is located on the eastern part of the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean Sea. It shares the island with Haiti to the west, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and the Caribbean Sea to the south. It covers a total area of 48.734 square kilometers. The capital is Santo Domingo. The Cordillera Central mountain range traverses the country from north to south, with the Duarte Peak in the central region reaching an elevation of 3.175 meters, the highest peak in the West Indies. The country experiences a tropical marine climate in the north and east, and a tropical savanna climate in the southwest.