1. Antarctic Ice and Snow Plateau

Area: 12.8 million square kilometers

Recommendation: The Antarctic Ice and Snow Plateau is the largest plateau in the world, covering an area of 12.8 million square kilometers, which is more than twice the size of the Brazilian Plateau. The entire Antarctic continent is covered with ice and snow. Originally, Antarctica had low altitudes, but gradually accumulated thick layers of ice and snow, enveloping it in over 2.000 meters of ice. Therefore, it is called the Antarctic Ice and Snow Plateau. Antarctica is also the coldest place on Earth, with weak sunlight, making it very cold, even in the southern hemisphere's summer, temperatures can drop to below minus 30 degrees Celsius.

2. Brazilian Plateau

Area: Over 5 million square kilometers

Recommendation: The Brazilian Plateau covers an area of over 5 million square kilometers, making it the second largest plateau in the world. Located in the eastern part of the South American continent, the plateau is bordered by the Amazon Plain to the north, the Andes Mountains to the west, the La Plata Plain to the south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. The plateau spans the tropics and is close to the equator, resulting in a hot climate with relatively evenly distributed and abundant precipitation, classified as a tropical grassland climate. The plateau is not only an important agricultural and pastoral area in Brazil but also rich in mineral resources, including iron, manganese, lead, zinc, and more.

3. Western Australian Plateau

Area: 5 million square kilometers

Recommendation: The Western Australian Plateau covers an area of approximately 5 million square kilometers, with elevations ranging from 200 to 500 meters, featuring flat terrain, with some mountainous areas reaching elevations of 1000 to 2000 meters. The western part of the plateau is dominated by deserts, while there are two mountain ranges in the east. The northern part of the coastal plain is one of the hottest and driest regions on the continent, with little and unstable precipitation. The plateau is rich in mineral and biological resources. The landscapes in western Australia are breathtaking, with stunning natural scenery.

4. South African Plateau

Area: 4.6 million square kilometers

Recommendation: The South African Plateau is located south of the Congo Basin and south of the Zambezi River, making it the largest plateau in Africa. The geological history of the South African Plateau is very ancient. For tens of millions of years, the climate here has been influenced by the ocean and currents, experiencing periods of drought followed by bitter cold. This unique climate nurtures a diverse range of plants, including over 7.000 species such as rhododendrons and lavender. In the central part of the plateau lies the Kalahari Basin, which was once a shallow sea and only rose to become dry land in the Quaternary period. The highest point of the South African Plateau is the Castle Peak on the northeastern border of Lesotho.

5. Arabian Plateau

Area: Over 3 million square kilometers

Recommendation: The Arabian Plateau covers an area of over 3 million square kilometers and is located on the Arabian Peninsula, with elevations ranging from 200 to 2000 meters. The plateau is an ancient landmass formed by the collision of the Arabian Plate and the Eurasian Plate. Due to crustal fractures, the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden have sunk, causing the western and southwestern edges of the plateau to rise, along with volcanic eruptions and lava flows, forming steep cliffs. The plateau's terrain is generally flat, with an arid climate, and there are very few short perennial rivers in the northwest. The plateau also features the famous Rub' al Khali desert.

6. Iranian Plateau

Area: 2.7 million square kilometers

Recommendation: The Iranian Plateau is the cradle of ancient civilizations and is located in the southwestern part of Asia. It was formed by the collision of the Arabian Plate and the Eurasian Plate. The plateau is surrounded by high mountains and vast basins with diverse landscapes, and no rivers flow to the sea. The climate is characterized by subtropical arid and semi-arid climates, with scarce precipitation, extreme temperature fluctuations, and large annual and diurnal temperature differences. Agriculture, transportation, and settlements are restricted by terrain and water sources, mostly concentrated in foothills and valleys.

7. Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

Area: 2.5 million square kilometers

Recommendation: The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is the highest plateau in the world and also the youngest geological structure. Another important feature of the plateau's terrain is its numerous lakes. There are two sets of mountain ranges with different orientations on the plateau, dividing it into many basins, wide valleys, and lakes. These lakes mainly rely on the surrounding high mountains for glacial meltwater supply, and most of them are self-contained. The famous Qinghai Lake is located in Qinghai Province, with an area of 4456 square kilometers and an elevation of 3175 meters above sea level, with a maximum depth of 38 meters, making it the largest saline lake in China. The second largest is Namtso Lake in the Tibet Autonomous Region.

8. Mongolian Plateau

Area: 2 million square kilometers

Recommendation: The Mongolian Plateau refers to the plateau region in northeastern Asia, covering the entire territory of Mongolia and northern Inner Mongolia, China. The formation of the plateau is believed to be related to the collision of the Indian and Eurasian plates, a by-product of the uplift of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The plateau has a temperate continental climate, with an average annual rainfall of about 200 millimeters. Winters on the plateau are extremely cold and long, with temperatures dropping to between -30°C and -15°C at the coldest times, and even reaching -40°C. The region also has abundant natural resources, including forests, fish, and various minerals.

9. Greenland Ice and Snow Plateau

Area: 1.87 million square kilometers

Recommendation: The Greenland Ice and Snow Plateau has an elevation of 1900 meters and a total area of 1.87 million hectares. Its most prominent geomorphic feature is its numerous solid glaciers, which are second only to the Antarctic continent in scale. Here, the bare ice sheet is battered by wind and snow, with layers of snow compressed into ice, continuously moving towards the outer edge of the glacier. The overall climate is extremely harsh.

10. Central Siberian Plateau

Area: 1.5 million square kilometers

Recommendation: The Central Siberian Plateau is located in central Siberia, Russia, covering an area of approximately 3.5 million square kilometers. Most of the plateau is located within the Arctic Circle, so the climate is cold, with winter lasting 6 to 8 months. Due to the low evaporation, there are many rivers with large water volumes, making the region rich in hydroelectric resources. On the southern side of the plateau lies Lake Baikal, the deepest lake in the world, and the surrounding area has developed a large-scale water conservancy hub, making it an important power generation base. Parts of the plateau are covered by boreal forests and are rich in coal, iron, and non-ferrous metal deposits.